KW 33: Startup develops AI fitness app, Sony launches AI headphones, AI philosophizes about itself, AIs often shaped by white stereotypes


Startup develops AI fitness app: A startup called TwentyBN has developed an AI-based fitness app called “Fitness Ally”. It analyzes the movements of users in real time and can point out mistakes. The app’s AI system is trained with the help of so-called “crowd acting” – a database that contains around five million short recordings of motion sequences. “In this way, a taxonomy of human behavior has emerged over the years,” said CEO and co-founder Roland Memisevic. The neural network created in this fashion is intended to be used in the future to develop further apps, including possibly a program for physiotherapy or a cooking coach.

AI cyberattacks could increase: The company Vectra AZ has warned of an increase in cyberattacks supported by artificial intelligence. It cautions that surprising advances have been made, especially in the generation of natural language. In the future, an AI could potentially learn to figure out when a victim is particularly vulnerable. This knowledge could be used for what is known as a spear phishing campaign, in which an attacker attempts to convince a target to click on a malicious link or to carry out other interactions. The AI-supported attacks require significantly less effort than conventional campaigns.

Many people are not familiar with AI: The German state of Bavaria wants to drive progress in the field of artificial intelligence with 100 additional AI professorships. Artificial intelligence is one of the key future technologies, explained Science Minister Bernd Sibler. The topic of AI is still foreign to many Germans, according to a study by the Bavarian Research Institute for Digital Transformation. Three quarters of 1000 respondents said they knew little about AI. At the same time, many fear that Germany could fall behind on the issue. “I think we have a lot to catch up with,” said Diane Ahrens, head of the Grafenau Technology Campus at the Deggendorf University of Technology. In addition to technological issues, ethical issues also need to be urgently clarified.

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Sony launches AI headphones: Sony has announced the fourth-generation headphones from Sony’s award-winning 1000X family, the WH-1000XM4. . The wireless over-ear model offers all the technology from the WH-1000XM3, with additional smart features that personalize and control music, improve industry-leading noise cancelation and adjust ambient sound automatically based on user preferences.

Medical companies cooperate on AI: The two companies Nuance Communications and Cerner Corporation are strengthening their cooperation in the field of AI. In the future, medical professionals will be able to fill out electronic patient files using voice control. The technology is expected to reduce the administrative burden and stress for medical staff. Particularly during the pandemic, the burden for many medical professionals is high.

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According to a study by Gartner, 75 percent of companies want to transfer their AI projects from the pilot phase to regular operation by the end of 2024.


AI philosophizes about itself: The program GPT-3 is the third generation in a series of autocomplete tools designed by OpenAI. It is a general-purpose language algorithm that uses machine learning to translate text, answer questions and predictively write text. It works by analyzing a sequence of words, text or other data, then expanding on these examples to produce entirely original output in the form of an article or an image. Raphaël Millière, a philosopher of Mind & Cognitive Science at Columbia University’s Center for Science and Society, asked GPT-3 to compose a response to the philosophical essays written about it. The generated text includes an advanced argument and even a bit of self-reflection: “Human philosophers often make the error of assuming that all intelligent behavior is a form of reasoning. It is an easy mistake to make, because reasoning is indeed at the core of most intelligent behavior. However, intelligent behavior can arise through other mechanisms as well. […] I lack long-term memory. Every time our conversation starts anew, I forget everything that came before.“,,

Facial recognition is well advanced: André Ferreira, a Ph.D. student at the University of Montpellier, has developed an artificial intelligence that can be used to identify individual birds in entire flocks. “We show that computers can consistently recognize dozens of individual birds, even though we cannot ourselves tell these individuals apart,” said Ferreira. “In doing so, our study provides the means of overcoming one of the greatest limitations in the study of wild birds – reliably recognizing individuals.” This example clearly shows how advanced AI already is. In the UK, companies use face-scanning technology to target advertisements to individual customers at the till. Garfield Benjamin, who researches facial recognition in the UK, warns against excessive use of the technology: “We then become mere data points for the algorithm of a computer network when we are identified and stored in this way.” In China, there is much higher acceptance of facial recognition technology. The country is now exporting its technology to other countries to help them make so-called “safe cities”.,,


AI counts cancer cells: A startup in Hamburg is working on an algorithm that will significantly improve and simplify the detection of cancer cells. Felix Faber from Mindpeak has explained the process: First, doctors select an area that will be analyzed. “Then it is sent to our server and within a few seconds our system, our artificial intelligence, has differentiated the tumor cells from the non-tumor cells and also looked at which tumor cells are marked in order to calculate a percentage, which helps the oncologist to find the right therapy.” Counting cancer cells takes a long time without AI support.


“I really honestly believe that there isn’t one aspect of the iOS or Apple experience that machine learning won’t change in the next few years.”
John Giannandrea, Head of Artificial Intelligence at Apple.


AIs often shaped by white stereotypes: Researchers at Cambridge University have written about the issue of artificial intelligence often being shaped by racial stereotypes: The overwhelming “Whiteness” of artificial intelligence – from stock images and cinematic robots to the dialects of virtual assistants – removes people of color from humanity’s visions of its high-tech future. The experts suggest current portrayals and stereotypes about AI risk creating a racially homogenous workforce of aspiring technologists, building machines with bias baked into their algorithms.

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